Archive for May, 2009

Shared with me from a friend in a forum….

 Being that time of year and me liking to use something that is not harsh on a person’s system…I’m sharing with you.

Herbal Insect Repellent

* 2 1/2 teaspoons total of any combination of the following essential oils: basil, cedarwood, citronella, juniper, lemon, myrrh, palmarosa, pine, rose geranium and/or rosemary (available at health food stores)
1 cup 190-proof grain alcohol (available in liquor stores)

Place ingredients in a jar with a tight-fitting lid and shake vigorously. Transfer to small bottles for storage. To use, rub a small amount on any exposed skin (test first to be sure your skin will not be adversely affected by the repellent) or dab it on clothing.

Experiment a little to find which essential oils work best with your body chemistry. If you’re lucky, you also will like the way they smell; otherwise, add a few drops of peppermint oil to fine-tune the fragrance.

Household Items To Relieve Itching

1. Rub a bar of soap over the itch. I just tried this (Ivory soap) and the relief was near instant. I used a dry bar of soap directly on the skin, but I also have notes that you can spritz bite with water and then run bar of soap over area-or use a wet bar of soap.

2. Place a piece of scotch tape on the bite; or dab rubbing alcohol or ammonia on the bite first then stick on a piece of tape.

3. Hot water: Take a hot shower, or a hot bath, or apply a hot compress. As hot as you can stand it without burning you. 4. Ice cube, ice pack or very cold water

Dabbers For Itch Relief

The quicker you can apply one of the remedies below, the faster the relief. These are topical suggestions, apply directly to the bite area.

1. Nail Polish

2. Strong tea mixed with rubbing alcohol

3. Toothpaste

4. Mouthwash

5. Vinegar (apply directly to bite or take a hot bath with 2 cups of vinegar in the water)

6. Honey

7. Underarm deodorant (solid or roll-on) – apply directly to bite area

8. Rubbing Alcohol

9. Ammonia

10. Bleach

11. Tea: Use a hot tea bag or a cotton ball soaked in hot tea to dab on bite area

Paste Applications

Mix these fresh then apply to bite as soon as possible. The consistency should be nice and thick so it won’t run, yet will still stay in place on the affected area. You could also spritz bite with water then apply grains/powders directly (generously) and rub them in.

1. Baking Soda & Water (works for me)

2. Meat Tenderizer & Water

3. Salt & Water

4. Epsom Salt & Water (could also do this as a foot soak if it’s the ankle/foot area affected)

5. Tums Tablets: crush and add a few drops of water

6. Aspirin: crush then add a few drops of water

7. Aspirin – crush then apply a few drops of rubbing alcohol

Commercial Product Lotions, Creams & Applications
•  Apply directly to mosquito bite area.

1. Calamine Lotion

2. Benadryl Cream

3. Orajel

4. Anbesol

5. Caladryl

6. Vicks VapoRub

7. Preparation H

8. Lucas Papaw Ointment

9. Tiger Balm

10. Bag Balm

11. Gold Bond Medicated Cream (or the Gold Bond Medicated Powder)

12. Mylanta (heartburn relief product)

13. After Bite

Essential Oils For Itch Relief

Apply full strength directly to bite area. Edit: There are concerns about using essential oils on children and pre-teens, especially repeated use.

1. Tea Tree Oil

2. Lavender Oil

3. Witch Hazel (astringent)

4. Cedar Oil

Leaf Applications
•  Crush the fresh leaves roughly then apply to bite area

1. Basil

2. Plantains (Plantago)

Fruity Applications
•  Use fresh fruit & apply directly to bite

1. Lemon Juice

2. Lemon Slice

3. Lime Juice

4. Lime Slice

5. Banana Peel (rub inside of peel on bite)

Whew! Big List! If I’ve missed your favorite remedy for mosquito bites, please add them below. Notes

* If a remedy doesn’t provide fast relief, don’t despair. Give it another try, sometimes it will take 2 or 3 applications before it kicks in.

* The itch from mosquito bites comes from the saliva of the mosquito that it injects into you as it feasts on your blood. There are several dozen different species of mosquitoes and you may react to some species bites more than others.

* If large swelling occurs (like welts), contact a doctor or pharmacist for suggestions (especially if it’s a child with a strong reaction). It could be an allergy to the bite. It’s important to watch the throat for swelling and get treatment asap.


Matrimonial Cake

Date filling
3 cups (750 ml)chopped dates
1/3 cup (75 ml)sugar
1 1/2 (378 ml)cups water
1/4(1ml) tsp lemon juice
Place all in sauce pan…bring to a boil over med heat. As soon as it starts to boil lower to simmer for about 5 minutes. Stir constantly till thickened.. Cool before using. Short on dates…I have added raisins to make up the difference. None of the above use a can of pie filling. I have used apple, cherry, blueberry and peach. All good.

Base and topping
1 1/3 (350 ml) cups flour
1/4 (1ml) baking soda
1 3/4 (425 ml)cups rolled oats – not instant
1(250 ml)cup brown sugar
3/4(175 ml) softened butter or margarine

Combine the dry ingredients, then cut in the butter or margarine using your hands till course crumbs. Press half in a ungreased 13 x 9 inch (4 L)pan. Spread with filling of choice. Lightly press remaining crumbs on top. Bake 35 minutes in a 375F (190C) oven. Enjoy.


Resetting PSP to default.
Resetting PSP to default (deleting PSP’s registry) can fix many problems within PSP, errors caused by a corrupt registry missing or grayed out tools and other irregularities.
The big draw back from resetting is the loss of custom settings you have made and having to redo the preferences. To delete and re-write PSP’s registry (reset defaults) do the following:
Go to START/PROGRAMS/Jasc Software Inc/ PAINT SHOP PRO 7. Immediately after you click on the PAINT SHOP PRO 7 icon press and hold CTRL+ALT on your keyboard.
Paint Shop Pro will ask you if you would like to delete the registry settings for Paint Shop Pro. Select YES.
When Paint Shop Pro opens it will have all the restored features of initial installation.

Freeing space in the PSP Program Folder.
When you applied the PSP Patch 7.02 , Version 7.02 created a backup of version 7 in a folder called Unpatch ( C:\Program Files\Jasc Software Inc\Paint Shop Pro 7\Unpatch folder)
The same would apply if you installed the 7.04 patch, a back up of 7.02 would have been created. If you have ran PSP patched versions with no problem then it is unnecessary to keep this folder on your hard drive.
You can copy it to a cd for safe keeping if you like and delete the Unpatch folder, reclaiming up to 62 Mb of disk space.

Freeing memory
Lower the “undo” storage for files
File/Preferences/General Program Preferences, hit the Undo tab and set the undo storage to 15 MB.
If you are working with large graphics and use the undo frequently you may need to set it to 40mgb.

Browser Caches
PSP creates a browser cache when using the browse function in PSP. This enables faster loading of graphics. However if graphics are moved around, stored elsewhere or deleted the browser cache remains the same size and can get very large taking up valuable space. It is advisable to delete them frequently to allow a build of a fresh cache in your files. To do this go to Find files and type in “jbf” without the quotation marks. You will see all the pspbrwse icons appear. Select them all and press delete on your keyboard. The next time you browse in PSP new caches will be built.

When PSP crashes or freezes for some reason and you haven’t saved your work, you can lose everything,
Go to File > Preferences > Autosave settings.
This will open the Autosave Settings dialogue box, Tick the ‘Enable Autosave’ box. Set the time schedule you require, 5 minutes should be sufficient. Click OK. Autosave is now enabled and your work will automatically be saved to the temp file every 5 minutes. If PSP crashes you can re-open and your work will be loaded as before.

Save Worktop
When you save your workspace, you will be saving settings for your toolbar, palettes, also settings for your rulers and grids plus image information including image position in your workspace etc., so that you can return to your project at a later time.
Go To >File > Workspace > Save. The standard “Save as” dialogue box will appear. It will ask you for a file location you wish to save your workspace to. Workspace will be saved in a ..wsp format, so you need to give it a name eg: project2.wsp.
Next time you open PSP go to File > Workspace > Load. The workspace will remember the locations of your graphics so it is important that you do not move them after saving the workspace.

Tools grayed out
The majority of tools will only function on a image with a colour depth of 16.7 million colours (24 bit). To restore your image to 24 bit, Go to Colours > Increase Colour Depth > 16 Million. Now all of your tools should be active except the tools that require a selection.

Using Fonts in PSP
Having too many fon ts installed on your system can cause PSP to load slower, as it has to load all the fonts. PSP can use any font that is not installed. Open the font file you wish to use, by double clicking on the font icon, and minimize it on your desktop. That font will now show up in the font list in the ‘Text’ dialogue box.

Screen Shots
If you want to make a screen shot of your work or tools in PSP, or anywhere else on your computer. Press the Print Screen key on your keyboard, right click on your PSP workspace and “Paste as new image” you can then crop your screen shot down to size and use.

Previous File Formats
PSP, by default will want to save all your new images as .psp files, which can be annoying when working mostly with jpg’s To avoid this, open the General Program Preferences, hit the Dialogues and Palettes Tab, check the box “Remember last type used in file save-as dialogue”.

Floating tool bars/palettes
While working on a project particularly when lasooing an image, the tool palettes tend to get in the way. Just press the tab key on your keyboard to make them disappear and press the tab key once more to make them reappear.

Crop Tool
Make your selection on the graphic, and double click outside your selected area still on the graphic and your picture will crop automatically
Always use the crop tool and not the selection tool to “cut” an image for a clean outline. The selection too tends to leave and edge of white pixels (unless using for a seamless selection)

Sharpen Option
When making a graphic smaller, got to effects > sharpen once, this will bring back the clarity of the pixels that are lost when shrinking the graphic.

Applying Shadow
While the image that you are applying shadow to is surrounded by the selection go to Selections > Modify > Contract and contract by 1 pixel this will prevent a ragged white appearance around the graphic after shadow has been applied.

PSP Colour Palette
For those of you who like to have a range of colours and the hexadecimal value for stationery etc. Got to File > Program Preferences > Make sure the hexadecimal preference box is ticked and untick ” use standard Windows colour picker”. This will give you a slider bar choices on hues/sat/light and red/blue/green along with other useful information in the colour dialogue box. Which will enable you a far greater range in colours.

Colour Option Effect
This is a very little used option in PSP that enhances the colours of graphics. Effects > Enhance Photo > Automatic Colour Balance.
A nice little tool that allows you to make the colours look warmer or cooler. I find it invaluable.
Likewise the option of Effects > Enhance Photo > Clarify enhances and clarifies the colours.

The effects that are under the tools of “Enhance Photo” are very useful effects and are not restricted to Photo’s. Try them out on your graphics.


Things you should do with a camera

Take it with you always….you never know when you will find that perfect shot.

Take photos at interesting and unusual angles… a new prospective on things.

Never wait for that perfect pose….it never happens if you wait.

Don’t be afraid of using your zoom for things you thought you shouldn’t use it for……can even be used on those not real far away things.

Take early morning shots….no shadows.

Take shots of unusual objects that will add that….who would have thought of that.

From a twitter friend: Next time you have your camera out try holding a piece of screen in front of the lens,great at nite with lites in background.

This is an endless list that I will add to as new ideas come along…..all ideas from you are welcome here.


Something simple..

I’m always looking for things that are simple and quick to make. Well this couldn’t be simpler and quicker…..takes longer to type this then to make it! LOL

Crunchy Granola Bars

2 eggs
2 cups granola cerial

Beat eggs well, then stir in cerial. Pour into greased 9 inch(2.5L) sq pan. Bake for 15-20 minutes at 350 F (180C). Cut into bars while still warm.


Garage sales a sign of spring

The weather is warm…the sun is shining… sign of rain……a very go day to go garage sailing…
How many of us have gone to garage sales for things you needed but came away with lots of things you could have lived with out?
I did a lot of that til I went through all the stuff I owned and hadn’t seen for weeks maybe even years.I now go with the following instilled in my mind. Do I need it? Will it serve it’s purpose?
This past week I went with that in mind. I came away with a lot of goodies all that I know I will use and all at a good deal.There was a multi-garage sale in our village and in the town next to us… it was an all day excursion with friends!! Loved it!
It was surprising what was out there. I’ve wanted a portable CD player so I could take it with me on my walks. Got one for a whole dollar….and it works perfectly!! Went to another one a couple blocks down and got an mp3 player for $7!! I’m all set now.Of course I had to add to my reading collection……I was a bit disappointed there. Wasn’t a large selection……then again I may have missed them. We had a late start to the day. You need to be early to these. I did end up with a couple cookbooks and a ‘Chocolate for a Woman’s Soul’ book….also a good mystery.
Being with friends that love garage sailing also makes it all that much more fun as I heard my friends say…There’s one over there…’
Will I go again? Won’t have to be asked twice!!



Peel a banana from the bottom and you won’t have to pick the little “stringy things” off of it. That’s how the primates do it. Take your bananas apart when you get home from the store. If you leave them connected at the stem, they ripen faster.
Store your opened chunks of cheese in aluminum foil. It will stay fresh much longer and not mold!

Peppers with 3 bumps on the bottom are sweeter and better for eating. Peppers with 4 bumps on the bottom are firmer and better for cooking.

Add a teaspoon of water when frying ground beef. It will help pull the grease away from the meat while cooking.

To really make scrambled eggs or omelets rich add a couple of spoonfuls of sour cream, cream cheese, or heavy cream in and then beat them up.

For a cool brownie treat, make brownies as directed. Melt Andes mints in double broiler a nd pour over warm brownies. Let set for a wonderful minty frosting.

Add garlic immediately to a recipe if you want a light taste of garlic and at the end of the recipe if your want a stronger taste of garlic.

Leftover snickers bars from Halloween make a delicious dessert. Simple chop them up with the food chopper. Peel, core and slice a few apples. Place them in a baking dish and sprinkle the chopped candy bars over the apples. Bake at 350 for 15 minutes!!! Serve alone or with vanilla ice cream.

1. Reheat Pizza. Heat up leftover pizza in a nonstick skillet on top of the stove, set heat to med-low and heat till warm. This keeps the crust crispy. No soggy micro pizza. I saw this on the cooking channel and it really works.

2. Easy Deviled Eggs. Put cooked egg yolks in a zip lock bag. Seal, mash till they are allbroken up. Add remainder of ingredients, reseal, keep mashing it up mixing thoroughly, cut the tip of the baggy, squeeze mixture into egg. Just throw bag away when done easy clean up.

3. Expanding Frosting. When you buy a container of cake frosting from the store, whip it with your mixer for a few minutes. You can double it in size. You get to frost more cake/cupcakes with the same amount. You also eat less sugar and calories per serving

4. Reheating refrigerated bread. To warm biscuits, pancakes, or muffins that were refrigerated, place them in a microwave with a cup of water. The increased moisture will keep the food moist and help it reheat faster.

5. Newspaper weeds away. Start putting in your plants, work the nutrients in your soil. Wet newspapers put layers around the plants overlapping as you go cover with mulch and forget about weeds. Weeds will get through some gardening plastic they will not get through wet newspapers.

6. Broken Glass. Use a wet cotton ball or Q-tip to pick up the small shards of glass you can’t see easily.

7. No More Mosquitoes. Place a dryer sheet in your pocket. It will keep the mosquitoes away.

8. Squirrel Away! To keep squirrels from eating your plants sprinkle your plants with cayenne pepper. The cayenne pepper doesn’t hurt the plant and the squirrels won’t come near it.

9. Flexible vacuum. To get something out of a heat register or under the fridge add an empty paper towel roll or empty
gift wrap roll to your vacuum. It can be bent or flattened to get in narrow openings.

10. Reducing StaticCling . Pin a small safety pin to the seam of your slip and you will not have a clingy skirt or dress. Same thing works with slacks that cling when wearing panty hose. Place pin in seam of slacks and — ta da! — statics gone.

11. Measuring Cups: Before you pour sticky substances into a measuring cup, fill with hot water. Dump out the hot water, but don’t dry cup. Next, add your ingredient, such as peanut butter, and watch how easily it comes right out.

12. Foggy Windshield? Hate foggy windshields? Buy a chalkboard eraser and keep it in theglove box of your car. W hen the windows fog, rub with the eraser! Worksbetter than a cloth!

13. Reopening envelope: If you seal an envelope and then realize you forgot to include something inside, just place your sealed envelope in the freezer for an hour or two. Viola! It unseals easily.

14. Conditioner. Use your hair conditioner to shave your legs. It’s a lot cheaper than shaving cream
and leaves your legs really smooth. It’s also a great way to use up the conditioner you bought but didn’t like when you tried it in your hair…

15. Goodbye Fruit Flies. To get rid of pesky fruit flies, take a small glass fill it 1/2? with Apple Cider Vinegar and 2 drops of dish washing liquid, mix well. You will find those flies drawn to the cup and gone forever!

16. Get rid of Ants. Put small piles of cornmeal where you see ants. They eat it,take it”home,” can’t digest it so it kills them. It may take a week or so, especially if it rains, but it works & you don’t have the worry about pets or small children being harmed!



The full moon occurs once every lunar cycle–about every month or so. Many cultures had a name for the full moons of different times of the year; below are a few from some Native American Indian cultures.


The January full moon is known as the Wolf moon because, among the frigid cold and deep snow of mid-winter, the wolf packs howled hungrily outside native Indian villages. It was also known as the Old moon.


This full moon is known as the Snow moon, since snowfall is generally heaviest during this month. Since hunting becomes difficult with heavy snow, some early tribes knew this moon as the Hunger moon.


Indian tribes of what is now the northeastern United States knew this moon as the Worm moon because this is the time when the ground softens and the earthworm casts reappear, inviting the return of robins. It is also the time when the cawing of crows signals the end of winter, inspiring the more northern tribes to call it the Crow moon. Others named it the Crust moon because the snow cover becomes crusted from thawing by day and freezing by night, or the Sap moon which marked the time for tapping the maple trees.


This moon is often known as the Pink moon because, at this time of year, the grass pink or wild ground phlox is the most common flower around. Coastal tribes knew it as the Fish moon, since the shad were now coming upstream to spawn. Other names were the Sprouting Grass moon and the Egg moon.


The full moon of May was known to many as the Flower moon, since flowers were abundant everywhere. Some tribes knew it as the Corn Planting moon, or the Milk moon.


The June full moon was known to every Algonquin tribe as the Strawberry moon, and the Europeans called it the Rose moon, probably because it shines low in the northern hemisphere’s sky and our atmosphere gives it a pinkish color.


Many native Indian tribes knew this full moon as the Buck moon. This was a time when the new antlers of buck deer pushed out from their foreheads. It was also a time of frequent thunderstorms, and this full moon was also known as the Thunder moon.


This full moon was often known as the Sturgeon moon, since this was a time when this large fish is readily caught. A few tribes knew it as the Red moon, because it rises with a reddish appearance in the sultry haze low to the horizon. Some called it the Green Corn moon.


The September full moon is the most famous of all: the Harvest moon. It is the full moon nearest the autumnal equinox, so named by farmers of old whose corn, pumpkins, squash, beans and wild rice were traditionally ready for gathering at this time of year. Its significance, however, comes from the fact that, during September, the moon’s orbit is inclined very little to the horizon and, from our perspective, the full moon appears to rise in the southeastern sky only a bit later each evening, providing farmers a few hours of “extra” light after sundown to complete their harvest.


This moon was known to Native Indian tribes as the Hunter’s moon. With the leaves falling and the deer fattened, this was the time for hunting and stocking up for the cold winter months.


This month’s full moon was known as the Beaver moon, since this was the time to set the beaver traps before the swamps froze to ensure a supply of warm winter furs.


The December full moon was called by some native Indian tribes as the Cold moon, while others knew it as the Long Nights moon. It was so named because the winter cold fastens its grip, and the nights are longest and darkest, at this time of year.


DO YOU LIKE SPAM??? IF NOT PLEASE BE KIND AND USE BCC: (below Cc: and above Subject:)!!!!!! A friend who is a computer expert received the following directly from a system administrator for a corporate system. It is an excellent message that ABSOLUTELY applies to ALL of us who send e-mails. Please read the short letter below, even if you’re sure you already follow proper procedures.Do you really know how to forward e-mails? 50% of us do; 50% DO NOT.

Do you wonder why you get viruses or junk mail? Do you hate it? Every time you forward an e-mail there is information left over from the people who got the message before you, namely their e-mail addresses and names. As the messages get forwarded along, the list of addresses builds, and builds, and builds, and all it takes is for some poor sap to get a virus, and his or her computer can send that virus to every E-mail address that has come across his computer. Or, someone can take all of those addresses and sell them or send junk mail to them in the hopes that you will go to the site and he will make five cents for each hit. That’s right, all of that inconvenience over a nickel! How do you stop it? Well, there are several easy steps. Try the following if you haven’t done it before:

(1) When you forward an e-mail, DELETE all of the other addresses that appear in the body of the message (at the top). That’s right, DELETE them. Highlight them and delete them, backspace them, cut them, whatever it is you know how to do. It only takes a second. You MUST click the ‘Forward’ button first and then you will have full editing capabilities against the body and headers of the message. If you don’t click on ‘Forward’ first, you won’t be able to edit the message at all.

(2) Whenever you send an e-mail to more than one person, do NOT use the To: or Cc: fields for adding e-mail addresses. Always use the BCC:(blind carbon copy) field for listing the e-mail addresses. This is the way the people you send to will only see their own e-mail address. If you don’t see your BCC: option click on where it says To: and your address list will appear. Highlight the address and choose BCC: and that’s it, it’s that easy. When you send to BCC: your message will automatically say ‘Undisclosed Recipients in the ‘TO:’ field of the people who receive it.

(3) Remove any ‘FW :’ in the subject line. You can re-name the subject if you wish or even fix spelling.

(4) ALWAYS hit your Forward button from the actual e-mail you are reading. Ever get those e-mails that you have to open 10 pages to read the one page with the information on it? By Forwarding from the actual page you wish someone to view, you stop them from having to open many e-mails just to see what you sent.

(5) Have you ever gotten an email that is a petition? It states a position and asks you to add your name and address and to forward it to 10 or 15 people or your entire address book. The email can be forwarded on and on and can collect thousands of names and email addresses. A FACT: The completed petition is actually worth a couple of bucks to a professional spammer because of the wealth of valid names and email addresses contained therein. DO NOT put your email address on any petition. If you want to support the petition, send it as your own personal letter to the intended recipient. Your position may carry more weight as a personal letter than a laundry list of names and email address on a petition. (And don’t believe the ones that say that the email is being traced, it just ain’t so!)

Some of the other emails to delete and not forward are:

1. The one that says something like, ‘Send this email to 10 people and you’ll see something great run across your screen.’ Or sometimes they’ll just tease you by saying ’something really cute will happen.’ IT AIN’T GONNAHAPPEN!!!!! (We are still seeing some of the same emails that we waited on 10 years ago!)

2. I don’t let the bad luck ones scare me either, they get trashed.

3. Before you forward an ‘Amber Alert’ , or a ‘Virus Alert’ , or some of the other emails floating around nowadays, check them out before you forward them. Most of them are junk mail that’s been circling the net for YEARS! Just about everything you receive in an email that is in question can be checked out a Snopes. Just go to . It’s really easy to find out if it’s real or not. If it’s not, please don’t pass it on.

So please, in the future, let’s stop the junk mail and the viruses.


25 Vintage Cooking Tips


1. A little oatmeal adds much flavor and richness when used as a thickener for soups. Try it.

2. Believe it or not, a boiled egg should never be boiled. Simmering produces tastier, better results. The same is also true of “hard-boiled” eggs.

3. Cheese souffle will stay up high, light, handsome, if you use quick-cooking tapioca instead of flour to thicken the milk base. Take 3 tablespoons tapioca to 1 cup milk for a 3-egg souffle.

4. Add one-quarter teaspoon soda to cranberries while cooking them and they will not require much sugar.

5. Don’t add sugar to sweeten peas. It’s much cheaper, and tastier, to cook peas with a few empty green pods.

6. To prevent the smell of cooking greens, add a lump or so of loaf sugar to the water, or put a piece of dry toast in a clean muslin bag and boil it with the greens. Another method is to add a teaspoonful of vinegar to the water when it is boiling.

7. Lemon juice or vinegar in the water cauliflower is cooked in makes it keep its snowy-white color.

8. To preserve the color of green vegetables, put them on to cook in boiling water with a pinch of soda, or keep the cover off the kettle while boiling them.

9. If a vegetable or cereal burns, plunge the vessel containing the burned mass into cold water and allow it to remain for a few minutes before pouring the contents into another pan. This will do away almost entirely with the burned taste which is so disagreeable.

10. Salt beef is improved in flavor if a few small onions and a dessertspoonful of brown sugar are added while cooking.

11. Vegetables that are to be cooked by steaming will preserve their color in the process if, after being washed in the usual way, they are given a final rinse in boiling water containing a little soda.

12. To prevent the odor of boiling ham or cabbage permeating the house add a little vinegar to the water in which they are boiled.

13. When frying fish, use clarified dripping or salad oil. Lard smells, and butter fries a bad color.

14. A teaspoonful of vinegar added to the water in which eggs are poached keeps the whites from spreading and makes the whites cook over the yolk.

15. To prevent milk or cream from curdling when used in combination with tomato, add a bit of bicarbonate of soda to each before they are mixed.

16. Sausages will shrink less and not break at all if they’re boiled about 8 minutes before they’re fried, or rolled lightly in flour.

17. Wash leafy vegetables, such as spinach, thoroughly just before cooking. Add no water-the water that clings to the leaves is enough to cook them in.

18. To keep cauliflower snowy white, soak for half an hour in cold salt water before cooking it.

19. Lessen the odor of cooking turnips by adding a teaspoonful of sugar to the water. They’ll be more flavorful, too.

20. When slicing potatoes, hold the paring knife over a gas flame or in boiling water and the potatoes will slice easily.

21. Root vegetables, such as carrots, turnips, etc., should be freed from all dirt and grit; those of the green variety should be allowed to soak for a few minutes in cold water to which a generous pinch of salt has been added.

22. You won’t waste flour if you dust it from a large saltshaker onto meats, fish, or patties, instead of dipping the food into the flour. It’s easier, too.

23. Retain flavor and vitamins and save waste by boiling carrots in their skins. Instead of peeling, mash them with salt and pepper.

24. Keep sweet potatoes from looking dried out by greasing the skins with any cooking fat or oil before baking them.

25. Why waste celery tops? Cut them up and use to flavor meats, stews, soups, roasts, stuffings.